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安徽南部农业镇农业现代化对农民生计的影响分析

发布时间:2018-05-31


讲座题目:安徽南部农业镇农业现代化对农民生计的影响分析

Topic: Assessing the impact of agricultural modernization on peasant livelihoods in a southern Anhui rice-growing township

讲座时间:201865日(星期二)14:30-16:00

讲座地点:四川大学公共管理学院214教室

主讲人:杜立强

美国华盛顿大学地理系博士研究生

Ross Doll

PhD Candidate, Department of Geography, University of Washington

讲座主要内容:

      2007年,安徽省南部的平铺镇政府开展了政府主导的农业现代化工作。因此,平铺镇超过70%的耕地实现了土地平整与整合,且80%的土地流转给了大户。根据2014年开始在平铺镇开展的时长超过五个月、涉及100多户农户访谈的田野调查资料,演讲者发现农业现代化工作已经对平铺镇农民的生活产生了重大影响。其中将土地流转给亲人或邻居的农户增加了一定的地租收入,而依靠耕地维持生计的农民的收入却下降了60%80%。许多男性户主现在被迫第一次离开农村去周边城镇务工,留下他们的妻子在家料理家务和照顾孙子孙女。从短期和长期来看,这些变化对中国农民和农业有什么影响?

      The southern Anhui township of Pingpu began undertaking state-led agricultural modernization development work in 2007. Since then, over 70% of the arable land in the township has been levelled and consolidated, and 80% of that land has been transferred to dahu. Drawing on over five months of fieldwork conducted in Pingpu beginning in 2014, including 100 interviews, the speaker has found that this work has produced mixed results for Pingpus peasantry. While the half of most villagers that had previously transferred their land to family and neighbors experienced modest increases in their rents, the half that had relied on farming for their livelihoods have seen their incomes drop by 60-80%. Many male heads-of-households are for the first time now pressed to seek wage labor in nearby cities, leaving their wives at home to manage households, including the care of grandchildren. What do these changes mean for the short and long-term future of the peasantry and agriculture in China ?


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